Facts And Figures
Facts on Health Care in Pakistan
Pakistan’s health indicators, health funding, and health and sanitation infrastructure are generally poor, particularly in rural areas. About 19 percent of the population is malnourished – a higher rate than the 17 percent average for developing countries and 30 percent of children under age five are malnourished.
According to official data, there are 127,859 doctors and 12,804 health facilities in the country to cater for over 170 million people. There are only over 62,000 nurses all over Pakistan who are supplemented with a strong force of 96,000 lady health workers (primary health care providers).
According to the world health organization, Pakistan’s total health expenditures amounted to 3.9 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2005,, and per capita health expenditures were US$49. The government provided 24.4 percent of total health expenditures, with the remainder being entirely private, out of pocket expenses.
Facts on Family Planning in Pakistan
The government of Pakistan wants to stabilize the population (achieve zero growth rate) by 2020. And maximizing the usage of family planning methods is one of the pillars of the population program. The latest Pakistan demographic and health survey(PDHS) conducted by macro international with partnership of national institute of population studies (NIPS) registered family planning usage in Pakistan to be 30 percent. While this shows an overall increase from 12 percent in 1990-91 , 8% of these are users of traditional methods. Approximately 10 million women use any form of family planning and the number of urban family planning users have remained nearly static between 1990 and 2007. Thus fertility remain high, at 4.1 births per woman.
Owing to elsewhere in south Asia (2.3 percent per year , according to PDHS 2010). Some of the main factors that account for this lack of progress with family planning include inadequate program that don’t meet the needs of women who desire family planning or counsel users of family planning about potential side effects, a lack of effective campaign to convince women and their families about the value of smaller families and the overall social mores of a society where women seldom control decisions about their own fertility or families.Maternal health problems are also widespread, complicated in part by frequently births most of which take place at home under untrained supervision. Hence it is not very surprising to see 297 deaths for every 100,000 live births (MMR). The MMR translates life time risk of dying from complications related to childbirth as one in 89. In absolute number this amount to 10,400 maternal deaths every year. Moreover, there is a huge imbalance in these figures. In Balochistan, for instance, the maternal mortality is 785 deaths per 100,000 live births which is nearly twice than in cities. The sad reality is that 80 percent of maternal deaths are preventable.
The infant mortality rate for Pakistan is 77 per 1,000 live births and the mortality rate for children under age five stands at 97.